Canadian Copyright Law

Over several years, the Canadian federal government has been modernizing Canadian copyright law. Industry Canada has provided an overview.

Notice and Notice Regime

As part of the Harper Government's efforts to modernize Canada's copyright laws for the modern digital age, the Copyright Modernization Act formalizes the voluntary Notice and Notice regime. This regime, already used by some Canadian Internet service providers (ISP), is designed to notify users of alleged copyright infringement taking place at their Internet address. This is the final step in implementing the Copyright Modernization Act. Canadians now have a copyright system that encourages new ideas and protects the rights of Canadians whose research and development and artistic creativity strengthen our economy.

The Notice and Notice regime is a made-in-Canada solution and will legally require Internet intermediaries, such as ISPs and website hosts, to take certain actions upon receiving a notice of alleged infringement from a copyright owner.

Specifically, ISPs and hosts are required to forward notices, sent by copyright owners, to users whose Internet address has been identified as being the source of possible infringement. The intermediary must also inform the copyright owner once the notice has been sent.

The Copyright Modernization Act sets clear rules on the content of these notices. Specifically, they must be in writing and state the claimant's name and address, identify the material allegedly being infringed and the claimant's right to it, as well as specify the infringing activity, the date and time of the alleged activity, and the electronic address associated with the incident. The Government is bringing the regime into force after determining that the Act provides sufficient flexibility for the regime to function without regulations.

Intermediaries must retain records associated with these notices for six months or longer (up to one year) in case a copyright owner decides to pursue legal action.

A copyright owner can also send a notice to a search engine.

If a notice is sent to a search engine for allegedly infringing material on a website and that material has since been taken down, search engines are expected to remove any copies they may have generated (e.g. for caching purposes) within 30 days. If copies are not removed, copyright owners could pursue damages after 30 days.

The Notice and Notice regime will come into force six months following publication of the Order in Council. The Copyright Modernization Act will be fully in force by January 2015. The Act also introduced a mandatory review of the Copyright Act every five years.

What does this mean?

MNSi's Abuse department receives complaint emails about files being shared on our network. The sender is a representative of a copyright holder (usually a movie studio, or record company). They send us a detailed request specifying the file being shared and a request to stop. In the past, MNSi has kept these requests for a short time, but now we must deliver them to the offending user. MNSi also must keep connection records for 6 months, or 12 months if we receive a complaint of copyright violation.

How will you contact customers?

MNSi will redirect the copyright complaint to the user connected at the specified IP address and time via the account email address. Every MNSi Internet access account has a related email address (Note: Jet-2-Net has We also use that address for accounting information.

How does MNSi know a customer is sharing?

We don't. MNSi does not monitor customer traffic. All we record are certain connection details: When you connect; when you disconnect; the network IP address of the connection; and the amount of traffic transferred.

The copyright owners have representatives look for files being shared via peer-2-peer (P2P, torrents, usually) and record the IP and time. They then contact the ISP related to the IP address.

Again, MNSi respects customer privacy and would only reveal customer information via a court order

What if I'm not Sharing?

That would be between you and the copyright holder. If you don't think you're sharing any files, please take the following steps

  • Contact anyone who has access to your Internet - Anyone using your wireless router.
  • Make steps to secure your wireless router.
  • Virus-scan all devices with access to your Internet.
  • If you are certain you had no Internet access at the specified time, contact our Customer Service department to change your password.